The Waltz developed in Central Europe from the Austrian dance know as the Landler.
The fast whirling of partners held as if in an embrace shocked polite society. The music of Johann Strasuss and the famous ballrooms of Vienna popularized the faster version known as the Viennese Waltz.
Viennese Waltz is basically Waltz music played at a much quicker tempo. While slow Waltz is played at 28-36 measures per minute (MPM, Viennese Waltz is played at 50-60 MPM. It is usually played in 3/4 time, but some are written in 6/8 time.
Sweeping turns that gracfully move around the floor characterize this dance. This Viennese Waltz is known for its rotational movement, which is simple and elegant.